In Ohio, couples looking to end their marital relationship often do so through dissolution of marriage or divorce. Each solution has its requirements and might be ideal for specific circumstances. Here are some of the ways in which they differ.
Dissolution is similar to what many states call a no-fault divorce in that spouses do not need to prove wrongdoing by their partners in order to end their marriage. Usually, couples only need to live separately for a year before they can file for dissolution. In contrast, divorce often requires couples to prove faults by their partners as grounds for the separation.
Dissolution is usually an amicable process wherein couples have already agreed on the terms of their separation. These terms are often in a separation agreement that they must submit to the court along with a petition.
In divorce, spouses might not agree regarding the terms of their separation. Often, the judge decides on matters like child support, asset division, and child custody.
After couples submit their separation agreement and petition for dissolution of marriage, the court usually schedules a hearing within 30 to 90 days. If neither party has complaints about the terms of their separation, the judge might rule their marriage terminated after this hearing.
On the other hand, the duration of a divorce may depend on several factors, such as the couple’s marital disputes and the court calendar. For this reason, it may take longer to finalize a divorce.
Whether couples choose dissolution or divorce, they must clearly understand Ohio’s laws regarding ending marriages. This way, they can avoid potentially costly mistakes and enhance their chances of positive outcomes during their separation.